A few of the crucial features Of household Are As Follows:
Important features Of household: Household is the most universal as well as essential social organization which performs a selection of features in human society. Various sociologists have watched or classified the functions of household right into different types.
Famous Sociologists like Ogburn as well as Nimkoff have classified functions of household mainly into 6 kinds such as:
( i) Affectional (ii) Economic features (iii) Entertainment functions (iv) Safety functions (v) Spiritual features as well as (vi) Educational functions. An additional famous sociologist K. Davis have actually identified the functions of family right into four main divisions such as (i) Reproduction (ii) Maintenance (iii) Positioning and also (iv) Socializing of the young. Davis calls these as social functions and also suggests that household additionally executes some individual functions which are an effect of its functions.
Similarly Goode identified the features of household into 5 different kinds such as (i) Procreation features (ii) Socioeconomic security features( iii) Condition resolution functions( iv) Socialization features and( v) Social control features. Similarly Prof. Lundberg mentioned four fundamental functions of household such as( i) Rules of sexual behavior of participants as well as reproduction( ii) Care as well as training of children( iii )Co-operation and department of labor and (iv) Main group contentments. Similarly Reed categorized features of household right into following four kinds such as( i Race Perpetuation (ii )Fulfillment of sex demands (iii) Socialization and also (iv) Financial features. But popular Sociologist Maclver classified the functions of family members into 2 wide classifications such as crucial and also non-essential features. These two features are additionally commonly referred to as main and also second features. Under important or key functions Maclver includes generally three functions such as( i) steady contentment of sex demands (ii )manufacturing and rearing of youngsters and( iii )stipulation of a home. Under non-essential or additional functions he consists of spiritual, leisure, educational, economic as well as health relevant features. But something is clear that though sociologists have actually identified the functions of family right into different types still all of them gives stress on the same elements in a various way. Nonetheless, these different features of family members are as explained listed below:( A) Essential functions of family members: Maclver has actually split features of household right into essential as well as non-essential kinds. Under crucial features he consists of mainly three features such as, stable satisfaction of sex needs, manufacturing and rearing of children and an arrangement of residence. However besides these Maclverian features of household, family might additionally carry out a few other important features. Yet it should be kept in mind that essential functions are those features which are basic or essential in nature as well as nothing else establishments can carry out these features so successfully as household can. Nevertheless household carries out the complying with crucial functions:( 1) Steady contentment of Sexual requires: This is one of the most vital crucial function of
family. Household has actually been doing this features
given that the creations of human world. It is a popular reality that sex impulse is one of the most crucial and powerful reaction and also natural urge of human. It is the primary responsibility of household to please the sexual urge of its participants in a steady and also desirable means. With the system of marriage household regulate the sexual habits
of it’s participants. Due to the fact that satisfaction of sex reaction brings the need permanently lengthy partnership of husband and wife. Fulfillment of this sex needs in a desirable way aids in the regular advancement of individuality. Ancient Hindu Philosopher Manu and also Vatsayan suggests that complete satisfaction of sex demands is the main purpose of family. If it is reduced it develops individuality maladjustments.( 2) Procreation as well as Rearing of Children: It is an additional crucial sectional feature of family.Necessary arrangement of stable satisfaction of sexuality caused procreation.
Family members supplies the genuine basis for production of kids. It institutionalises the process of procreation. By executing this feature of procreation family members adds to the connection of family and also inevitably human race. Therefore perpetuation of mankind or society is the most essential function of family. Not only the manufacturing of kids however also child rearing is one more vital feature of family. Family is the only place where the function of kid rearing is much better executed. It offers food, shelter, affection, security and also safety to all its participants. It plays a crucial role in the process of socializing of child.
It supplies healthy and balanced ambience in which the character of the youngster creates appropriately. Family members looks after the child at the time of demand. Thus it is appropriately remarked that family members is an establishment par excellence for the procreation and rearing of kids. It has no parallels.